Human-wildlife conflict is what happens when animals are a direct and regular threat to a community – whether that’s a threat to their safety or their livelihoods – and people then retaliate by harming the animal.
It affects most large carnivores, elephants, pigs, deer, primates, sharks, seals, crocodiles, rhinos, otters, and many other species. Such conflicts also impact the livelihoods, security and wellbeing of the people whose support we ask for to achieve wider conservation goals.
Preventing and mitigating human-wildlife conflict requires not only an understanding of the movements and needs of the species, but also the underlying cultural, political and economic aspects that shape these conflicts. Human-wildlife conflict therefore requires a variety of disciplines and knowledge, including behavioural ecology, social psychology, economics, development and anthropology.