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Pine Marten Recovery Project

We're a major partner in the Pine Marten Recovery Project initiated by the Vincent Wildlife Trust. This aims to restore viable, self-sustaining populations of pine martens to England and Wales where habitat and other conditions are suitable.

The project will translocate martens from Scotland to carefully selected sites in Wales first, and then, if successful, to sites in England. European pine marten populations have declined dramatically in the UK. By the 20th century pine martens had mostly disappeared from their once extensive UK range, due to widespread forest clearance and predator control practices.

Today the pine marten’s distribution throughout the UK is patchy, with complete absence from most of England and only very occasional sightings in Wales. Fortunately, due to lower persecution pressures in Scotland, populations began to recover in the 1930s, leading to recolonization of large areas.

South of the Scottish border there has been little evidence of natural recovery making the pine marten the second rarest carnivore in Britain (after the Scottish wild cat). It is a UK priority species in urgent need of conservation action.

Pine marten kits in a den box in Wales, credit Jenny MacPherson
Pine marten kits in a den box in Wales

Following extensive feasibility studies the Vincent Wildlife Trust developed this project; with Chester Zoo as a major partner providing significant financial, technical and field assistance. Our technical input has involved advice on animal transportation, analysis of stress hormones from scats, plus design and construction of soft release enclosures.

The practical phase began in September 2015 with translocation of 20 martens from larger populations in Scotland, to specially selected sites in Wales. Before full release, translocated animals acclimatise to their new surroundings in our soft release pens. After release the progress of the martens is being followed using radio telemetry, trail cameras and field signs.

Photo credit: James A Moore

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Key Facts

Pine marten is the second rarest carnivore in Britain (after the Scottish wild cat)
Pine martens were believed to be extinct in England & Wales in 1900, they only survived in Scotland
Pine martens are crepuscular - meaning they are most active at dusk and dawn
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