Also known as the Java rice bird, these birds are distinctive with their thick red bill and grey upper parts.

Although these birds are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, there are established populations all over the world due to escaped pets. It is extremely rare in its native Indonesia however.

The main threats faced by this species are from the pet trade and also the use of pesticides in rice fields. Populations have decreased hugely in the wild due to Java sparrow being such a popular bird for pet trade due to it's striking appearance.

You can see these beautiful birds alongside the Bali starlings at the Bali Starling Temple in Islands.

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Interesting facts

Where they live: Java and Bali, Indonesia.

Habitat: Lowland forest.

Diet: Seeds, leaves, plants and grasses.

Height: Up to 16cm.

Threats: Pet trade and use of pesticides in rice fields.

Scientific Name: Padda oryzivora