Credits and Resources

VETNET Lifelong Learning Network was established in 2007 to increase progression of vocational learners into veterinary and animal related degree programmes.

As well as funding projects aimed at delivering up to date and accurate information for those who are considering a career in the animal sector, VETNET LLN has also supported curriculum development.  For more information, visit  and


Margaret Hannigan, North West Regional Manager, VET LLN: Project Development, consultation and support.

Acknowledgements to all zoo staff who advised or commented on resource development. Also thank you to staff at Edinburgh Zoo and the Welsh Mountain Zoo for providing advice and images.

Resources and reference material

Listed here are some resources which were used in the development of this website. There are many others which you may be advised to consult by your teaching staff. This list may also be updated as the website develops.

Web Resources 


Brewer, C. (2006). Translating Data into Meaning: Education in Conservation Biology. Conservation Biology, 20(3), 689-691.

Coe, J., & Jones, G. R. (1982). Design Principles for the Presentation for Animals and Nature. Paper presented at the AAZPA Conference, Phoenix, Arizona.

Coe, J., & Mendez, R. (2005). The Unzoo Alternative. Paper presented at the 2nd ARAZPA/SEAZA Joint Conference. Melbourne, Australia.
Available at:

Creel, S., & Creel, N. M. (2002). The African Wild Dog: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Fanshawe, J. H., Frame, L. H., & Ginsberg, J. R. (1991). The wild dog? Africa's vanishing carnivore. Oryx, 25(03), 137-146.

Fidgett, A. L., & Plowman, A. (2009). Zoo Research Guidelines: Nutrition and diet evaluation. London, UK: BIAZA (British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums).

Hill, S. P., & Broom, D. M. (2009). Measuring zoo animal welfare: theory and practice. Zoo Biology, 28(6), 531-544.

Hosey, G., Melfi, V., & Pankhurst, S. (2009). Zoo Animals: Behaviour, Management and Welfare. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kleiman, D. G., Allen, M. E., Thompson, K. V., & Lumpkin, S. (1996). Wild Mammals in Captivity: principles and techniques. Chicago: The Chicago University Press.

McNutt, J. W., Mills, M. G. L., McCreery, K., Rasmussen, G., Robbins, R., & Woodroffe, R. (2008). African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Version 2010.1. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
Available at:

Pandya, M., Nareshwar, M., & Choudhary, M. (2008). Zoo Education Master Plan: Central Zoo Authority (CZA) and Centre for Environment Education (CEE).

Pribyl, L., & Crissey, S. (1999). Diets for African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) - management guidelines. African Wild Dog SSP - Husbandry Manual. Silver Spring, MD: American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

WAZA (2005). The World Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Strategy: Building a future for wildlife: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, Berne, Switzerland.
Available at:

Woodroffe, R. (2001). Assessing the risks of intervention: immobilization, radio-collaring and vaccination of African wild dogs. Oryx, 35(03), 234-244.

Woodroffe, R., Davies-Mostert, H., Ginsberg, J., Graf, J., Leigh, K., McCreery, K., et al. (2007). Rates and causes of mortality in Endangered African wild dogs Lycaon pictus: lessons for management and monitoring. Oryx, 41(02), 215-223.

Woodroffe, R., & Ginsberg, J. R. (1999). Conserving the African wild dog Lycaon pictus. I. Diagnosing and treating causes of decline. Oryx, 33(02), 132-142.

Woodroffe, R., & Ginsberg, J. R. (1999). Conserving the African wild dog Lycaon pictus. II. Is there a role for reintroduction? Oryx, 33(02), 143-151.

Young, R. J. (2003). Environmental enrichment for captive animals. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare: (UFAW) Animal welfare series. London: Blackwell Publishing.

Zoo Biology, Volume 14, Number 1, 1995 (collection planning special issue)