Rare ‘meat-eating’ plants, missing from North West England for more than 100 years, are making a comeback in Manchester.
The endangered and little known great sundew (Drosera anglica) – a carnivorous plant which was once commonly found in England – has suffered a dramatic decline over the last century, becoming extinct in most regions.
Changes in land use across the country for agriculture has led to the drying of the moist wetlands the plants need to survive.
Since the turn of the 19th century, drainage, eutrophication and peat extraction have nearly driven the great sundew out of England entirely.
But now, the rare and unusual plant has been given a much-needed boost by a team of conservationists working to prevent the extinction of Britain’s carnivorous flora.
This rare MEAT-EATING plant has been saved from regional extinction in the UK 😲🌷 pic.twitter.com/IezvnHIjiB
— Chester Zoo (@chesterzoo) September 5, 2019
In a partnership between the Lancashire Wildlife Trust, Chester Zoo, and pioneering young conservationists, Joshua Styles, The Manchester Mosslands Species Reintroduction project is carrying out the crucial safeguarding and reproduction care of carnivorous plant species, and reintroducing them to key sites around the North West.
Ten individual plants, successfully cultivated by Mr Styles, have been planted on the conservation site so far. It is hoped they will now thrive and reproduce in the protected area.
Mr Styles, from the North West Rare Plant Initiative (NWRPI), has been instrumental in the orchestration of the reintroduction said:
“If we were to do nothing, it is extremely likely that this carnivorous plant would become extinct in England in the very near future, and we’re not prepared to sit back and watch that happen.
“The work that NWRPI, Chester Zoo and Lancashire Wildlife Trust are doing will, hopefully, guarantee the presence of this amazing, rare and endemic carnivorous plant in England for years to come.
“The leaves of this striking plant are coated in many tiny tentacles, tipped with droplets of what at first appears to be morning dew – giving the plant its name. These droplets though are actually globules of a really sticky, sweet-smelling liquid which is simply irresistible to passing insects.
“Any curious insect unfortunate enough to become entrapped has no chance of escape. The sundew’s tentacles roll up and tighten around its prey, smothering and drowning the insect in the sticky fluid. Digestive enzymes are then slowly secreted, breaking the insect down into a meal which it then absorbs. Eventually, the leaf unfurls, freeing the little that’s left behind – an empty insect exoskeleton.”
The Manchester Mosslands Species Reintroduction project, funded by £265,000 from Veolia and £25,000 from the Casey Group, is overseeing the return of many long-lost plants and insects to a special area of wildlife conservation in the Manchester area – including the great sundew.
Chester Zoo supports conservationists and conservation projects across the United Kingdom to prevent the extinction of unique and endangered species, safeguarding diverse and healthy ecosystems.